Jack and friend, Northern Beach, Rabaul


Frankston in the 1930s

The Approaching War


War is Declared



New Guinea 1941

Not Home for Christmas

The Garrison Sacrificed

Chocos and Real Soldiers



After 1946

The Futility of Hindsight


Return to Lost Lives

Choco Jack
by Jenny Evans



Australia In The War of 1939-1945. Series 1 Volume 4 and Series 4 Volume 1. Australian War Memorial. Canberra.

Bennett, A., The Journal. Penguin. 1971.

Brune, P. Those Ragged Bloody Heroes. Allen and Unwin. 1991.

Budden, F.M., The Chocos. self published 1987.

Buggy, H. Pacific Victory. Ministry of Information. 1945.

Grant, Jan, A Dictionary of Australian Military History, Random House, 1992.

Hoyt, E.P, Japan's War McGraw Hill Book Co 1986.

Wall, D., Heroes At Sea. self published 1991.

War Graves Commission Memorial Register Number 29. 1959.

Documents at the Australian War Memorial

Coast Defence Survey..Rabaul.

Captain Botham..report.

Captain Nicholls..report.


Mufti 1961 Volume 4 Number 9.

Mufti 1979 Volume 19 Number 1.

Reveille 1956 Volume 30 Number 1.

Reveille 1961 Volume 35 Number 1.

Salt 1946 Volume 12 Number 2.

Montevideo Maru

A bibliography of the ship and its demise, with other relevant references, was compiled in 1987 at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra. The event is included in talks given there from time to time, but it has never been considered worthy of an exhibition, although events affecting far fewer personnel are frequently remembered. Even the name Rabaul is excluded from the passageway along which all visitors enter the galleries of the War Memorial, which makes Lest We Forget a very ironic educative process.


The Standard newspaper is published by the Leader Newspaper Group in Victoria.

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